Medication guidance for diabetic patients

Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, which is caused by the deficiency of insulin secretion or utilization. Diabetes is a common and frequently occurring disease, a worldwide public health problem that seriously threatens human health.

Diabetes requires lifelong medication, patients should choose the most suitable and effective drugs for themselves under the guidance of doctors or pharmacists, and follow the doctor's advice to take drugs on time and according to the quantity and regularity. Blood sugar should be kept in a reasonable and stable fluctuation range. High and low blood sugar can increase the risk of acute and chronic complications, making the condition worse. When a patient needs to adjust the type or dosage of medication due to changes in his condition, he should follow the doctor's advice and adjust under the guidance of the doctor or pharmacist. Do not arbitrarily increase or decrease the dose or change the drug according to the symptoms, so as to avoid blood sugar fluctuations.

The time of taking hypoglycemic drugs is very important. Not all drugs take the same time. Generally speaking, sulfonylurea, non-sulfonylurea, 30 minutes before meal; Biguanides, taken with or after meals; Glitazones, before or after meals can be taken.

Missing hypoglycemic drugs may cause blood sugar fluctuation or high blood sugar. But casually take hypoglycemic drugs is also easy to cause hypoglycemia. How should hypoglycemic medicine leak take after all? It depends on what you're taking and how long you're missing it. For example, sulfonylureas and non-sulfonylureas  are easy to cause hypoglycemia. If the missed time is close to the next medication time, do not take a supplement. If biguanides are missed, remember to replace them; If glucosidase inhibitors are missed, they can be replaced during and after meals;If you miss taking the medicine once a day, you can make it up at noon, but you do not need to make it up at night, especially before going to bed, which is easy to cause night hypoglycemia

Diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, including a poor lifestyle. The cause of complications in patients with diabetes is not only elevated blood sugar, but also many other factors, which are medically referred to as "risk factors", such as age ≥40years old, overweight, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, etc. Therefore, drug treatment at the same time also need to take comprehensive measures, in addition to the choice of appropriate drugs, especially to change the bad lifestyle, otherwise it is impossible to achieve the ideal therapeutic effect.

There is no specific medicine for diabetes, so it is recommended that the public adhere to the regular treatment, follow the doctor's advice or according to the pharmacist's guidance of standardized drug use, do not believe advertising, reasonable diet, appropriate exercise, control blood sugar, and prevent complications.

Epalrestat tabletis used to treat diabetic neuropathy. It is a reversible non-competitive inhibitor of aldose reductase and has selective inhibition on aldose reductase. It can effectively prevent, improve and treat peripheral neuropathy, a complication of diabetes. Thus improve patients' pain, numbness and other bad feelings.

Severe diabetic neuropathy is one of the most painful complications of diabetic patients, which can seriously affect the quality of life of patients. So in the discovery of neurological complications, timely medication treatment should be given.